Modern education and living
What is the main purpose of education? The whole system of modern education is designed to answer this question. Extensive knowledge of modern philosophy and theory of education brings detailed answers to this question. The essence of this answer is that the basic purpose and responsibility of modern education is to make the individual a viable citizen of a democratic and liberal society and to enable him to earn a living. The common person found in human society is raw material, which can be made a useful citizen by the modern education system.
By becoming a “citizen” he becomes the individual and collective ideal of development. The common “citizen” obeys the law in society and is capable of “duty” in the economic system. A cursory look at modern philosophy and education also immediately assumes that all the objectives of modern education are political and economic, not for the “system”, not moral or religious.
The perpetuation of modern knowledge is to not allow the political and economic motives of education to fade away, and to limit moral purposes to discipline only. Since modern knowledge attains credibility with capital and rank, the ultimate goals of modern education are economic and political only.
Another goal of modern education is that it continues to serve as a continuous extension of its knowledge. The West has long sought to be a civilization of education under the guise of “intellectual development.” We have never had this aspect, and now our modern education has emerged as a bare and brutal corporate activity in which the state is fully supporting it, and the opportunities for good education for the middle and poor are very fast.
In our tradition, no wide-ranging academic or theoretical discussions existed to determine the purpose of education, and they have never felt the need. In our tradition the whole process of education and its purpose was set by religious values. The primary purpose of education was to access these values and to build on these values. One of the differences between modern education and traditional education is very basic, and it was about language teaching. In traditional education, the teaching of language was as important as values. Higher language teaching and verbal skills directly linked traditional education to the political and economic needs of society.
If the language is not related to the political and economic processes of the society then its need is also eliminated. The language used in court and law and commerce and industry will also be important in education. Lord Macaulay’s recommendations were aware of the centrality of language in education and its political and economic importance, and this was the main reason for the elimination of local languages.
In our cultural context, language is a destination where the two rivers of religion and the world come together. Traditional education concerned the language with ideas and “objects”. Modern education relates language to the concept and the “object”. In modern education, infuse and universal, the language is fully consumed in “thing” and “form thing”. In the traditional sense it is the death of both knowledge and values. Now the only river left in this language domain is the world.
The primary responsibility of education is to enable language to be human-conscious and to simultaneously enable the fulfillment of political and economic needs. With the advent of modern society and the economy, this work went out of our way. It is not possible for a healthy and living society to formulate its national consciousness through one language and meet its economic and political needs in another language. In modern times, every society has developed its language in the “world”. We ignored the importance of language in education and tried to achieve this by modernizing our religion and losing everything.
If the relation of the “object” to the language becomes weak, then it is of no use in the world, and if the relation of the language to the “conceptual concept” becomes weak then religion is abolished. And they both have to work together at the same time. The necessity of language living is the last frontier of its survival. We need to make Urdu a means to meet both our economic and mental needs.